Frontiers in Quantum Nanoscience Queensland/PiTP "Within a few years the lives of most people will be touched by the quantum revolution – a change as profound as cars, flight, antibiotics or the Internet. Most people have heard of nanotechnology as the building of new materials at the molecular or atomic scale. That's the stone-axe age compared to what's coming." Nanoscience and nanotechnology receive much attention in the media today. However almost all current work concentrates on very small scale classical devices. This conference looks ahead to the far more revolutionary developments expected once nanoscience 'goes quantum', and begins to use the full potential of quantum mechanical superposition, phase coherence, and entanglement. Conference resources include public surveys on classical and quantum nanoscience.
Frequency dependence of multiphoton interference fringes in a superconducting qubit. Qubit switching probability plotted as a function of frequency and flux detuning in the limit of (A) strong driving and (B) weak driving signals. Symmetric patterns in peaks and valleys due to quantum interference are clearly observable. Oliver et al. Science 310.
Superconducting circuits and quantum information RIKEN You and Nori discuss recent advances in quantum information processing with superconducting circuits in the charge, flux and phase regimes. "The device can test Bell inequalities, produce Schrödinger cat states, and simulate the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment. Quantum engineering of macroscopic entangled states will surely play a central role in several future technologies."
Mach-Zehnder interferometry in a strongly driven superconducting qubit Lincoln Lab In Science 310 and cond-mat 0512691, Oliver et al. demonstrate Mach-Zehnder interferometry in a flux qubit. "The development of artificial atoms with lithographically defined superconducting circuits presents a new paradigm of quantum solid state physics, allowing the realization and exploration of new macroscopic quantum phenomena, and holding promise for applications in quantum computing [...] The generalization of optical Mach-Zehnder interferometry, performed in qubit phase space, provides an alternative means to manipulate and characterize the qubit in the strongly driven regime."
Dephasing of a superconducting qubit induced by photon noise Delft In PRL 95, 257002, Bertet et al. evaluate photon noise-induced dephasing in a superconducting flux qubit coupled to a harmonic oscillator. "Retaining quantum coherence is a central requirement in quantum information processing. Solid-state qubits, including superconducting ones, couple to environmental degrees of freedom that potentially lead to dephasing [...] By careful tuning of flux and current bias, long coherence times can be achieved with flux qubits."
Heisenberg limited measurements with superconducting circuits JPL Guillaume and Dowling describe an assembly of superconducting qubits in a single-mode cavity. Performing collective manipulations of the assembly to generate maximally entangled states, "this method can thus enable Heisenberg limited sensor technology with electric charge or magnetic field superconducting devices."