Quantum-Classical Interface Sussex, Liverpool In cond-mat/0505390, Mark Everitt et al. explore nonlinear interaction of a quantum mechanical SQUID ring with its environment. Potential applications include large frequency ratio down-conversion between electromagnetic fields, such as in classical THz communications technologies. "With the now very serious interest being taken in the possibilities of creating quantum technologies such as quantum information processing and quantum computing, much attention is being focused on the application of Josephson effect devices, particularly the SQUID ring. The highly non-perturbative nature of the SQUID ring in the quantum regime means that the ring-environment interaction can be very non-linear, and may lead to unexpected results ..."

Entanglement Extraction from a Solid NEST-INFM, Leeds, Vienna quant-ph/0505107 "It has been a common belief that entanglement cannot exist on a macroscopic scale. This is because decoherence effects from many-particle interaction would destroy all quantum correlations. However, it has been predicted that macroscopic entanglement can exist in solids in the thermodynamical limit – even at high temperature – and it is related to critical phenomena. Here we propose an experimental setup to demonstrate entanglement extraction with present-day technology using optical lattices. This demonstrates that entanglement not only exists in solids, but can even be used for quantum information processing or to violate Bell’s inequalities ..."


An n-qubit controlled phase gate with resonator-coupled SQUIDs U Kansas In quant-ph/0504188, Siyuan Han and Chui-Ping Yang propose a novel method to realize multiqubit controlled phase gates with SQUIDs. The scheme "operates essentially by exchanging a single photon between the controlled SQUIDs and the resonator mode before and after a phase shift performed on the target SQUID."

Transport of atoms in a quantum conveyor belt NIST Gaithersburg cond-mat/0504606 "An atomic-gas Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a coherent source of matter waves – a collection of atoms, all in the same state, with an extremely narrow momentum spread ... We can easily control the velocity and acceleration of the atomic lattice structure as well as its strength, making it a variable 'quantum conveyor belt.' This allows us to explore situations that are difficult or impossible to achieve in solid state systems. The results are often remarkable and counterintuitive."

Signatures of quantum behavior in single-qubit weak measurements Penn State, UC Riverside quant-ph/0505094 "With the recent surge of interest in quantum computation, it has become very important to develop clear experimental tests for 'quantum behavior' in a system. This issue has been addressed in the past in the form of the inequalities due to Bell and those due to Leggett and Garg. These inequalities concern the results of ideal projective measurements, however, which are experimentally difficult to perform in many proposed qubit designs ... Here, we show that weak continuous measurements, which are often practical to implement experimentally, can yield particularly clear signatures of quantum coherence ..."


Full Protection of Superconducting Qubit Systems from Coupling Errors Munchen, Berkeley quant-ph/0407780 "Solid state qubits realized in superconducting circuits are potentially extremely scalable. However, strong decoherence may be transferred to the qubits by various elements of the circuits that couple individual qubits [...] We propose here an encoding that provides full protection against errors originating from these coupling elements ..."

Asymmetry and Decoherence in a Double-layer Persistent-current Qubit Kavli Institute Delft cond-mat/0405272 "We discuss a superconducting flux qubit design that exploits the symmetries of a circuit to protect the qubit from unwanted coupling to the noisy environment [...] Possibilities for prolonging the relaxation and decoherence times of the studied superconducting qubit are proposed on the basis of the obtained results."