Spheres and connections represent qubits and entanglement bonds in (a) a two-dimensional cluster state. Coloured qubits show a compact CNOT gate, proceeding from the input qubits (yellow), through progression of Y-basis measurements (pink), to output qubits (light blue). (b) Activating additional collision cavities can create higher-dimensional topologies of entanglement such as this helical structure. Blythe and Varcoe, quant-ph 0605190.
Measurement-Based Quantum Computing Sussex In quant-ph 0605190, Blythe and Varcoe present a primer for feedforward quantum computation via crossed atomic beams to create a highly-entangled initial cluster state. Drawing upon previous work by Raussendorf and Briegel, the authors provide specifications for microwave cavity QED based scalable quantum computing architectures. "In a departure from the traditional understanding of a computer as a fixed array of computational elements, we show that cluster state quantum computing is well suited to atomic beam experiments. We show that all of the necessary elements have been individually realised, and that the construction of a truly scalable atomic beam quantum computer may be an experimental reality in the near future."